Image this; you’re in a large department store in the shopping mall with your family on a busy Saturday. Suddenly, without warning, you hear the unmistakable sound of an AK-47 on full automatic fire, coming from somewhere behind you. As you turn, you see a gunman spraying lead in all directions. One of his bullets hits you in the chest before you can finish your turn and draw your sidearm.
You were armed and (you thought) prepared – but you were just too late.
Now, maybe you think this scenario is unrealistic. The truth is it’s exactly the opposite. Carrying a gun might make you feel safer, but for most carry permit holders that’s all it is – a feeling. You fire off a few rounds at the range every week, check it’s in your holster when you leave the house and think you’re ready to face whatever the world can throw at you. Nothing could be more wrong. It’s not enough to have a weapon; you need to be prepared to use it, or the chances are it’ll be in your hand a moment too late.
Look at how the military do it. Soldiers are schooled endlessly in how to react to incoming fire. Drills are taught, practiced, then practiced again – over and over, until they’re an instinctive reaction. Even then many troops freeze the first time real bullets are coming at them. But they have a chain of command, NCOs, and comrades who’ll give the orders needed to snap them out of that initial shock. Then the drills take over and they work as part of a trained, disciplined team.
If terrorists strike while you’re out in public, you’re on your own.
The problem is, all you can do is prepare yourself in general terms to respond to an attack. If terrorists strike they have the advantage – they’re prepared to fight right now and you are not. Their advantage might only last a few seconds, but those seconds are the most critical. In that time they establish control of the situation; once they have control it’s difficult to take it back. Panic is setting in, terrified crowds are fleeing and the attackers are carrying out their goal – to spread mayhem, panic, and death.
Until you’ve been in a real-life shooting situation you can’t even begin to understand the speed with which they develop. It’s paralyzing. You’re out there going about your business, the same as you have thousands of times before, then suddenly the world changes. There’s the crack of shots, the whiplash of bullets passing you. Screams of pain and fear. Reacting before the situation spirals out of control means you need to switch from happy obliviousness to combat mode in a split second – and most people just can’t do that.
To be ready to react you need to maintain a high level of situational awareness. Know what’s happening around you. That doesn’t mean being in a constant state of alert like an infantryman on patrol – that’s mentally exhausting, and you won’t keep it up for long. It does mean keeping track of your environment and watching out for anything that’s new or suspicious. Is anything unfamiliar? Are some of the people around you, not the type you usually see or are they acting in a way that’s out of place? If you’re somewhere that’s popular with families and a group of young men appears that might be a sign that you need to start mentally preparing yourself.
Are people dressed in a way that doesn’t make sense? If it’s a warm day but someone’s wearing a heavy jacket, maybe they deserve some extra attention. Jackets have been used to conceal firearms or even suicide vests. Bonus points if they’re dripping with sweat while wearing one – they obviously aren’t wearing it to stay comfortable, so they must have another reason.
Terrorists have often used holdalls to carry weapons over the last stretch to their target. An AR15-style carbine with the stock collapsed is just two and a half feet long, so it’s easy to fit one and a load of ammunition in a medium-size bag. Anyone who’s carrying one is worth a second glance. Does it look as if it’s almost empty, but still quite heavy? They could have tools in there, but they could also have a rifle. If they put it down and reach inside watch, and be ready to react. If you see a weapon start to emerge you’ve just gained time to act before they have it in a fire position.
Related: Some Thoughts on Defensive Rifles for Preppers that are New to Firearms
Don’t be side-tracked by stereotypes. You can’t identify a terrorist by the color of their skin. Yes, it’s pretty stupid to deny that most terrorism right now comes from followers of a particular religion, but converts are more likely to become terrorists than people who were born to it. If you see a guy with a beard in a shalwar kameez the chances of him being a suicide bomber are pretty low; bombers usually have a ritual wash and shave before setting out on their mission of murder. However, if you see someone who looks very stressed, walking fast and muttering a prayer to himself, that’s a much more likely candidate.
There isn’t any checklist you can work through for spotting potential terrorists; all you can do is stay aware of anything that doesn’t look quite right. You know your own neighborhood and you know what looks out of place. If you do spot something unusual there’s no need to over-react – most likely it’s something completely innocent – but if you’re aware of it you’ll be ready if it does turn out to be a threat. It’s being ready that will let you react in time to make a difference. Some people spend time practicing drawing their weapon – but that will only save you a fraction of a second when it really counts. Maintaining situational awareness could give you an extra three or four seconds – and that’s enough to matter.
So what do you do when you spot something suspicious? Again, there’s no quick checklist. It’s going to depend on what you’ve seen and you’ll have to make a judgment call. That’s where the extra time gained from good situational awareness comes in useful.
If you suspect a bomb your priority is to dial 911 right away and give them as much intervention as you can. Then start looking at ways to get people out of the danger area. Don’t yell, “Hey, it’s a bomb!” Firstly you’ll cause panic. Secondly, if it’s a suicide bomber the chances are he’ll immediately detonate to cause as much damage as possible. A conventional bomb could be on a timer but if it’s remotely fired the terrorists will have eyes on so they can detonate at the optimum time. If they see you suddenly start to clear people away they’ll flick the switch.
A bomb, or any other suspected threat that isn’t immediate, calls for a quick but orderly evacuation. Once you’ve called 911 take a moment to look for a safe exit route. Try to avoid choke points where people will be penned up in a narrow area, or anywhere that looks like a secondary bomb could be hidden there – trash cans, piles of garbage and parked vehicles are favorites. Choose the way out that has the last hazards and leads to a safe place at least 100 yards away – somewhere with at least one solid wall blocking line of site to the suspect bomb. Then pick a couple of steady-looking people near you, calmly approach them and explain what you suspect and why. Ask them to help you inform people, and to do it in a low-key way that avoids panic. Don’t hang around, but don’t rush either.
Bombs are the traditional terrorist weapon of choice, but in the last few years, we’ve seen firearms being used more and more frequently. Some argue that this is because anyone can buy a semiautomatic rifle in the USA, but the fact is terrorists will get guns if they want them. The Paris attacks used military assault rifles – anyone can buy a semiautomatic rifle in France too, but the paperwork was too much trouble so they just smuggled weapons in. The UK’s strict gun laws never stopped IRA terrorists getting weapons either.
However terrorists get their hands on guns, they’re a powerful tool for creating chaos and fear – and a gun attack happens very fast. If you suspect someone has a gun and is acting suspiciously, call 911. Don’t confront them; it the attack isn’t a lone shooter then the terrorists will position themselves to give each other mutual support, so you’ll probably just get shot and precipitate the attack before anyone else has a chance to respond.
If you see someone suddenly pull a weapon out of concealment, however, that’s the time for decisive action. If you’ve spotted them acting suspiciously and stayed aware of them you’ll probably have a vital few seconds’ advantage. The first thing to do with it is verified that you’re actually facing a threat: Do they definitely have a weapon? Do their actions look like an attack – rapidly retrieving the weapon from a holdall, taking up a fire position, releasing the safety or chambering a round?
If they are, act. If they look aggressive the law is on your side; self-defense says you can use force if you believe your life is in danger. Draw your weapon, take aim for the center of mass and engage. Forget Hollywood and rhetoric about stopping power; shoot until the threat is down and not moving, then shoot him two or three more times. At least seven or eight rounds from a handgun are needed to reliably stop someone, and that’s vital when you’re taking down a terrorist who might be wearing a suicide belt.
With the target down, immediately take cover – even if that just means diving on the ground – and look around for more threats. This is where things can get messy. After shooting incidents, people speculate about whether armed citizens could have stopped the attack. Sometimes – but think of the 2012 Aurora movie theater shooting. Imagine yourself in that scenario, then add a few frightened people with handguns stumbling around in the dark. It’s very likely that, in the confusion, the would-be rescuers would have ended up in a shootout with each other.
The same risk is there at every incident. You’ve just brought down the first terrorist and you’re looking for more. You see someone drawing a handgun. Is it another terrorist – or is it another citizen doing the same as you? This is the time to start shouting something to make it clear what side you’re on, and it needs to be clear and unambiguous. “Police!” is good – everyone will get the message that you’re a good guy. Sure, impersonating a peace officer is probably illegal in your jurisdiction, but you have bigger problems right now. Focus on not getting shot.
If you do identify any more terrorists engage them, again going for multiple hits on the center of mass. If not, reload rapidly. You need to have at least one extra magazine with you, and – sorry, purists – if you have a big-bore pistol you need to consider swapping it for a high-capacity 9mm. Thirty rounds is a bare minimum for even a short shooting incident, fifty is better, and that’s a lot of 1911 magazines.
If all the terrorists seem to be down call 911 right away and take steps to secure the area. If there’s a safe-looking exit route get people moving along it. If there isn’t then ask everyone to lie down with their hands visible, and take position to cover any entrances in case there’s still a threat. Then wait for law enforcement to arrive.
As soon as the cops take control of the scene, put your weapon on the ground. If you don’t, and a cop tells you to drop it, do so right away – don’t argue, because you’re likely to be shot. Rights and wrongs can wait for later; their priority is making sure the shooting incident is over, and an argumentative person with a gun can look a lot like a threat. Stay as calm as you can – probably not very – and follow all instructions, but as soon as you can, tell a cop that you engaged the attackers. That seriously reduces the chances of you having any issues about it.
There’s another scenario for a shooting incident, which is one breaks out near you. Your responsibility is to yourself and the people around you; it’s tempting to run to the sound of the guns, but don’t do it. You’re in serious danger of being shot, either by the terrorists or by law enforcement; all they’ll see is a guy with a gun running into the scene. Instead, try to find a safe exit and get people heading that way. Bring up the rear, watching for anyone who tries to pursue – and if you see anyone with a rifle moving up behind, and they don’t look like a cop, engage them instantly.
Again, if you can’t find a route out, try to get everyone into a safe place – a room, a building – then ask them to lie down with hands visible. This will make a big difference in the first few seconds when tactical units arrive, and seriously reduces the chances of a blue on blue shooting. Again, cover the entrance and wait for rescue. In a scenario like the Orlando nightclub shooting the terrorists could be moving from space to space, killing as they go, so you’ll need to be prepared. Find cover with a clear view of all entrances, make sure you have a full magazine and prepare to engage. Then, if someone with a gun comes in the door and they don’t look like a cop, take them down instantly.
The odds of you being caught in a terrorist attack are very low, but they’re not zero. The same situational awareness and basic tactics also work against non-terrorist mass shooters and even traditional armed robbery. Added to that, maintaining situational awareness is just a good habit to get into. When it comes to protecting yourself and your family it’s maybe the most important habit you can have.
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Excellent article. I hope many people take this info to heart. Thanks so much for posting it.
I don’t have a gun. If I were found to be in possession of such an article they would jail me and toss the key in the river.
I am 77 years old (yesterday), and although I am in good physical shape I think that trying to commandeer crowds of other people is outside my purview.
Perhaps you could re-think your scenario from the eyes of someone like myself.. who is a lot more likely to represent people who would be caught in a situation like this than someone who has a firearm and the strength/energy to make an attempt to herd a bunch of frightened chickens to safety.
How about HOW to be very aware of who is near you, your surroundings… developing that 6th sense that tells anyone “when there is something amiss… something is just not right”… and how to casually quietly saunter AWAY, carrying your luggage or packages as you go so that you won’t be scoped out as “leaving the scene”…
Look at your watch, pick up your stuff, smile at the person you push past, say excuse me and move you body OUT …. asap.
I am 84 and I do carry a gun. I am a hunter, so being aware of my surroundings is second nature for me. Most people that shop at Walmart 2 -3 times a week can not tell you where the exits, not at the front of the store are located. Put the stupid smart phone away and join the real world.
Nancy: You need to give yourself more credit. Sure, you might not be in a position to become a world class shootist at 77, but surely you have gained in personal inner strength over what you had at age 25. You might not be physically strong enough to wrestle a 30 y.o. terrorist to the ground and disarm him, but you certainly have the mental capacity and life experience to be able to exercise some control over a crowd of terror stricken folk who are frozen in place. It requires you to exercise your will power and seize control of the situation. The person who acts with determination and has a plan is able to direct the actions of those who are unable to act. It is the difference between a sheep dog and a sheep. Your subscription to this list indicates to me that you are more sheep dog than sheep. Think about what you would do in the situation outlined above in conjunction with the locales where you usually shop. Do you know where all the exits are? Do you know where the stairs are that go from one level to another? Is there a passageway behind the stores in the mall where delivers are maneuvered along to make deliveries or are deliveries delivered on hand trucks through the mall? I would bet that there is a hallway behind every store in the mall. Are there external doors to the mall in a blank wall? That’s how deliveries are made. Is there a loading dock with roll up doors at various locales around the outside of the mall? That’s where deliveries come in. What stores are closest to those roll up doors? Exiting through those stores will lead directly to the loading dock and an exit from the mall. Do you know where those are? Those are all things you can do to prepare yourself for even an emergency such as a fire in that particular mall. A clothing store with lots of man-made fabrics will go up like a torch with lots of toxic smoke. That is a more likely scenario than a terrorist with a fully automatic AK, but the same pre-planning and exit locations will save you in a fire as well as a terrorist attack.
Start thinking like a sheep dog and less like a sheep. You can do it. It is Jedi mind training.
Nancy – If you shop in the evening, it would be good to take a few minutes and drive around the shops and see what it all looks like before you go into the stores. Things always look different at night. It adds another level of dimension and caution to which we all need to attend to today.
If you read the first sentence of each paragraph you get the whole article in a fraction of the time…lol…some “expert” wrote this
THERE IS ATERRORISM PLOT GOING ON ON LICOLN AND 16TH STREET. THEY ARE DISGUISED AS A FRUIT STAND AND ARE SELLING SUPER VOLCANOES (EXPLOSIVES) AND HAND GERNADES DISGUISED AS MANGOES AND AVACADOES. AND THERE IS A HUGE PILE OF WHITE POWDER UNDER GROUN AND THEY ARE TRYING TO TAKE DOWN THE BANK OPF AMERICA BUILDING IT SEEMS LIKE IOT HAS ALREADY HAPPENED IN MY HEAD AND THAT THERE IS A PROJECTION MAKING LOOK LIKE IT IS STILL THERE. THEY ARE ON SOME KIND OF A PEDUILUM SWING AND IF FLIPS IN AND OUT OF THE AIR AND THE GROUND THEY ARE DISGUIED AS LIBRA GROUP BUT IT GOES BACK TO IRMA HURRICANE AND THEN TO THE NEW YOPRK TIMES CHANNELS AND SHOW ON THE COMPUTER: MEN IN ROBES , WEIGHT SCALES OF DYNAMITE AND COUTURE AND CHANEL PIECES ON THE INTERNET SHOW OF NEW YORK TIMES IN MIAMI BEACH FLORIDA UNITED STATES OF AMERICA AND MAYBE NEW ZEALAND ACCORDING TO THE NEW YORK TIMES PIECES PLEASE HELP NOW THEY HAVE BEEN BUILDING UP FOR AT LEAST FIVE WEEKS. PLEASE HELP US GOD JEHOVAH BEFORE WE LOSE THE WHOLE ISLAND
Never hide in a room with only one exit. That makes for a killing field. Run, dip, dodge, stay as low as possible. Once outside run until you are around a corner or into the parking lot where you can hide behind cars. Car doors, windows, and fenders will NOT stop a round from hand guns and all long guns. Distance is your friend. The further the terrorist has to shoot at you the greater the odds he will miss.
RE: Suddenly, without warning, you hear the unmistakable sound of an AK-47 ON FULL AUTOMATIC fire…. As you turn, you see a gunman SPRAYING LEAD in all directions…..
Fully Automatic?? Really?
Spraying lead in all directions?
How many of these shooters can afford a fully automatic anything? Not what they have or were able to steal for their crime.
Not an excellent article – sounds like democrat anti-gun talking points me along with a little truth in the rest of the story to me.
Jeff: without meaning to be dismissive, I would suggest that if you think getting a fully automatic weapon into the United States is all that difficult, you are the one in denial. All you have to do is look at how successful our War Against Drugs has been in stopping the flow of drugs over our borders.
Do you think terrorists who come to this country or home grown ones who are supported by alien terrorist groups would have any more difficulty in smuggling military AKs into this country or RPG launchers with rpgs, than smuggling 100 kilos of marijuana?
In addition, it isn’t like building a rocket ship to Mars to convert a semi-automatic to full automatic. Any competent machinist with a reasonably complete machine shop could do the job. The guy across the street from me worked as an auto mechanic. He works on all of his cars including pulling the engine when it needs extensive work. I think he could probably do the job if he put his mind to it. He has a small milling machine and a lathe and I don’t know what all.
Ahmed, the unemployed converted jihadist doesn’t need a lot of bucks if he has a friend from the mosque who has contacts in one of the middle eastern countries with money and the willingness to do harm to the U.S. from safety in that middle eastern country. People flow across our southern border from all parts of the world on a daily — no, hourly basis. IF they are both wearing a loose fitting shirt and trousers, huaraches and a straw sombrero can you tell by looking which is from the middle east and which is from San Luis Potosi?
Good info. Best advice, duck and cover. Better, let’s vote out the dnc/kk=nazi party usa that upholds and supports the rights of criminals over the rest of us. Stay away from areas atheists congregate, because even moderates hate atheism. Most of the places bombed have been atheist places, or similar places in nations that cater to atheists. Next to that, gay places, and most gays are atheists, so they ‘double’ their kill score. After that, you’re on your own because there are a lot of liberals emulating terrorists today. Most if not all homegrown terrorists are very much Progressives/anti-Trump. Places to avoid seem to be the same: Note, Got to go to Tucson, today (marot liberal/college town with plenty of atheists) to the VA (military installation, helpless thanks to no weapons policy that gets a lot of soldiers killed). Remember the major clue to how a liberal thinks, “When in danger or doubt, run in circles, scream and a shout.” R. Heinlein, early anti-lib prepper niio