How to make Pemmican – The Ultimate Survival Super-Food

C. Davis
By C. Davis February 12, 2015 13:02

How to make Pemmican – The Ultimate Survival Super-Food

Invented by the natives of North America, pemmican was used by Indian scouts as well as early western explorers. These people spent a great deal of time on the go and depended on having portable, high-energy, highly nutritious, and filling foods that would last for long periods of time.

Pemmican was light, compact, high in protein, carbohydrates, vitamins, and if done properly can last anywhere from a few years (decades) up to a lifetime without refrigeration!

Pemmican consists of lean, dried meat which is crushed to a powder and mixed with hot, rendered fat. Back in those days the natives made it with bison, deer, or elk but nowadays it is usually made with beef. Crushed, dried berries can be added as well.

A man could subsist entirely on pemmican, drawing on the fat for energy, the protein for strength and vitamins for health. There are a few cases in history of people living for months (in good health) only out of pemmican.

So, it’s easy to understand why I choose pemmican as the ultimate survival-superfood.

250 x 250 Nate jpg2People really should avert their gaze from the modern survival thinking for just a bit and also look at how the guys who wandered the west 130 or so years ago did it. As I’ve said it in a recent article (30 Lost Ways of Survival from 1880) the “SHTF” we all prep for is what folks 150 years ago called “daily life:” No electrical power, no refrigerators, no Internet, no computers, no TV, no hyper-active law enforcement, no Safeway or Walmart.

How to Make Pemmican

You’ll need:

  • 4 cups lean meat or a pound (deer, beef, caribou or moose)
  • 3 cups blueberries (or other dried fruits)
  • 2 cups rendered fat (or 1/2 pounds)
  • Optional – about 1 shot of honey (you can add nuts but they will lower the self life)

Get about a pound and a half of lean, grass-fed shoulder roast and let it firm up in the freezer so you can slice it thin.

Pemmican 1Add salt and pepper. Set the oven to the lowest possible temperature (around 150 degrees) and put the strips of meat directly onto the rack. Crack the oven door to prevent moisture buildup.

At this point, you can also put a handful of frozen wild blueberries on a small oven pan to dry out with the meat.

Let the meat dry out for about fifteen hours, or until it is crispy. Toss it in the food processor until it becomes a powder. Do the same with the blueberries. In the old days they’d pound it with a rock to turn it into a “powder”.


Pemmican 3For the fat portion of pemmican, you can use tallow (rendered beef or mutton fat) or lard (rendered pork fat). Cut up your fat in small pieces and place the fat into the crockpot. Set the crock pot on low heat and remove it only after it becomes completely liquid. Use a strainer to avoid all the crispy bits; you just want the pure, liquid fat.


Pemmican 2Mix the meat and berry powder together, then slowly add the hot liquid fat. Pour just enough so that the fat soaks into the powder – slowly.

 

 

 


Pemmican 5Let it firm up, then cut it into squares or roll it into a ball.

If done and stored correctly it can last for decades. Wrap these “pemmican balls” in wax paper and store them in a ziplock bag in a cool, dark place.

Back in the 1800, the Metis (one of the recognized Aboriginal peoples in Canada) would go southwest onto the prairie, slaughter buffalo, convert it into pemmican and carry it north to trade at the North West Company posts. For these people on the edge of the prairie the pemmican trade was as important a source of trade goods as was the fur trade for the Indians further north. And this is because for a serious journey, almost all foods would have been too heavy to carry.

If you’ll ever have to bug out – especially without a car – keep this in mind: Pemmican is the most compact, light, natural and nutritious supply you can take with you.

You may also like:

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30 Lost Ways of Survival from 1880 We Should all Learn

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C. Davis
By C. Davis February 12, 2015 13:02
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137 Comments

  1. boss0tn February 12, 16:43

    Never seen this. I will be giving it a try soon. Thanks

    Reply to this comment
  2. C. Davis Author February 12, 16:56

    I personally made it last year and a couple of times with my dad when I was a child.

    If you put too much fat it will go rancid after a few months. The secret is to pour just enough liquid fat to soak into the (meet) powder.

    The taste is not bad but not very good either. In fact, with time, it will grow on you but remember that this is a survival food.

    Reply to this comment
  3. POETWARRIOR February 12, 17:17

    What about adding honey for taste and keeping it from spoiling?

    Reply to this comment
    • C. Davis Author February 12, 17:30

      Of course. It’s in the article listed as “Optional – unsalted nuts and about 1 shot of honey”. Some people add a little more honey, especially for the vegan Pemmican (because there is also a vegan recipe, but not that nutritious)

      Reply to this comment
      • VeggieGuy February 14, 04:01

        C.Davis, could you provide a link to a vegan or vegetarian recipe? As a vegetarian, I’m not averse to using dairy products or honey.

        Reply to this comment
      • Ragnar February 14, 10:37

        Haha yeah, because veganism is more important than survival. I fucking hate fish, but damn me if i wouldnt eat fish just because i dont like the taste if its a matter of life or death.

        Reply to this comment
        • C. Davis Author February 14, 13:14

          You can use powdered tofu-jerky instead of beef.

          I found this, but really I don’t know if it will last:

          2 cups dates (lower the shelf life)
          3 cups powdered tofu-jerky
          2 cups raisins (lower the shelf life)
          Honey (as a binding agent, add as much as needed)
          2 cups nuts (lower the shelf life)

          Instructions:

          Grind all this material together, except for the honey. Add in the honey a little bit at a time, and mix well each time. Pour into pan until about three quarters of an inch thick or make them directly into bars. Refrigerate and cut bars out of pan. This is a sweet concoction and in cold climates, honey can be replaced with suet and processed just as in pemmican recipe in the article.

          Reply to this comment
        • SveinD February 14, 19:31

          Why do you assume that people who are vegetarians by choice would not eat meat in a survival situation, and rather starve to death? I do not eat my cat, but if it really stood between him and me to not die, then I’d eat him (sorry, cat, love you) Being vegetarian in our society is a moral, sometimes healthbased, choice. The meat industry is afterall organized cruelty.

          Anyone know if the vegetarian option would have longer shelflife? If so, making both versions would be a good tip!

          Reply to this comment
          • yachtboy August 5, 15:54

            Well said! Thank you. I made the choice to go vegan 2 months ago based on health reasons, and havent looked back.

            friends dont get it.

            Reply to this comment
        • SveinD February 14, 19:34

          Why do you assume that people who are vegetarians by choice would not eat meat in a survival situation, and rather starve to death? I do not eat my cat, but if it really stood between him and me to not die, then I’d eat him (sorry, cat, love you) Being vegetarian in our society is a moral, sometimes healthbased, choice. The meat industry is afterall organized cruelty.

          Anyone know if the vegetarian option would have longer shelflife? If so, making both versions would be a good tip!

          Reply to this comment
          • LeoSayer April 22, 16:28

            “Organized cruelty”? Don’t be such a hopeless ingenue — the industry feeds MILLIONS of your fellow humans, so it’s actually organized kindness.

            Reply to this comment
        • VeggieGuy February 15, 16:44

          Ragnar, you know neither me nor my life. I am not some pussyfooted hippie who chose this because of some fad. This is my Dharma and my Duty. I would like to avoid eating the flesh of another living being if I could avoid it.

          Reply to this comment
          • C. Davis Author February 16, 03:59

            I’m with you on this one guys. I kept away from meat for almost a year. I ate eggs, milk, cheese because for me it’s not a moral issue to eat these. I switched back to meat when I started training. I know it is possible, but it is hard to get all the proteins and nutrients when you do a huge amount of physical activity. Anyway, I’m thinking I’ll go back to not eating meat again in few years.

            Reply to this comment
        • Ruffslitch March 16, 04:04

          ROTFL! Touche`.

          Reply to this comment
  4. m005kennedy February 12, 18:31

    How about substituting a meat you can buy like rabbit or buffalo ?

    Reply to this comment
    • C. Davis Author February 12, 18:45

      You can use almost any type of meet. Natives used whatever was available at that time for them (bison, moose, elk, or deer). Nowadays people use what they can buy. The only thing you should have in mind is to select a low-fat (almost no fat at all) meat (like beef for example).

      Reply to this comment
  5. R Nelson February 12, 19:16

    Can you use store bought Lard I assume?
    Also Venison is exceptionally lean!

    Reply to this comment
    • C. Davis Author February 12, 19:44

      Venison would be PERFECT for this. And, generally, any “wild meat” is perfect, because it is low-fat or doesn’t have fat at all.

      I think you can use Lard. Basically is the same thing… so I don’t see why not.

      Reply to this comment
      • Notasnowballs February 15, 15:15

        The problem I see with store bought lard is that it’s hydrogenated. That’s the part that makes it clog up your arteries and kill you. Just pain rendered lard didn’t have the same issues. Butchers will sell you pig fat. I’ve found that it’s jacked full of salt though. Depends on how healthy you want to be. We’ve switched from table salt to pink sea salt, and from sugar to raw honey. With high blood pressure and. Diabetes, I found my.body tolerated these better and there are minerals in the pink sea salt that we need that aren’t there in the table salt. The table salt we have new is a by product of making battery acid. We buy the big pink blocks of unprocessed horse block at the farm store. Not the processed blocks, but it looks like a big pink rock, some times had a rope through it. All they do is break the rock it, ship it to the store, no processing. Comes from Utah, much cheaper. No chemicals.

        Reply to this comment
        • common sense February 15, 17:43

          “The table salt we have new is a by product of making battery acid.” Who told you that lie? I lived in SLC and salt, NaCl is harvested in Promontory Point, ie the north end of the great Salt Lake right from the ground.. There’s no batteries involved..
          \

          Reply to this comment
      • Roberta February 17, 02:54

        the lard you buy at the store is highly processed and comes from pigs that have been fed GMO feed and are full of antibiotics and hormones… I have used it in the past but no more… Find some local resource for locally raised and rendered lard.

        Reply to this comment
  6. Jay February 12, 19:33

    what is the life expectancy of making this product?

    Reply to this comment
    • C. Davis Author February 12, 20:01

      It all depends on how well you make it and how you store it. It may last for many decades! It’s hard to know a “shelf life” for this because we are talking about huge amounts of time.

      For example, during the 19 century, British troops were given an iron ration made of four ounces of pemmican, chocolate and sugar. Some pemmican rations (from the British troops) were found intact (eatable) after 50 years or so.

      Anyway, nobody will keep this for 50 years. And I don’t know if I would like to eat something which is 50 years old. I’m thinking for the next 10 years… and this will do, Jay!

      Reply to this comment
  7. Lea February 13, 08:43

    What about using dates instead of blueberries? Will give that natural sweetness.

    Excellent recipe I will be using and experimenting with… thank you 🙂

    Reply to this comment
    • C. Davis Author February 13, 11:25

      I’ve never tried dates and never heard about a recipe of pemmican with dates. I don’t know if you can dry them properly. You can give it a try, but if you don’t sufficiently dry them, the pemmican won’t last for years.

      Reply to this comment
      • Lea February 14, 11:32

        Thank for the reply… yeah dates do have moisture, but i will look into dehydrating them further…. maybe i will go with currants. Will try dates and tell you how it went.

        Reply to this comment
  8. John H February 13, 10:49

    Could you use various spices to make it taste a little better?

    Reply to this comment
  9. pswank February 13, 13:37

    Could you use dehydrated foods? I was thinking about adding vegetables as well. What would it be like added to boiling water?

    Reply to this comment
    • C. Davis Author February 13, 15:36

      It depends… what dehydrated foods? Basically you can everything, but it will no longer be Pemmican. Which can be good, because it might taste better. But will no longer last forever.

      Reply to this comment
  10. TongasaurusRex February 13, 13:54

    Can this be dehydrated further once it is made? Would that help any with the shelf life….and exactly what mode of storage is best? Sealed in something, or left to breath on a shelf, with a cloth to keep off dust?

    Reply to this comment
    • C. Davis Author February 13, 15:44

      Pemmican will slowly dehydrate over time (but very very slowly). The fat prevents humidity getting in or out of the Pemmican. If you try to further dehydrate it in an oven… you’ll melt the fat.

      You can wrap the Pemmican in wax paper and store it in a ziplock bag in a cool, dark place (not in the sun were the fat can melt). Simple as that. If you don’t pack them somehow a little tiny insect (like ants) may find your pemmican very tasty.

      Reply to this comment
    • Sheryov February 13, 18:57

      Alternatively, you can dip it into black beeswax which will better protect it from moisture, light, mites, and other contaminants. peels right off like packageing. you can wrap it in cheesecloth beforehand to make the barrier stronger.

      Reply to this comment
    • TongasaurusRex February 13, 20:18

      Thank you both for your quick replies, will be trying this this weekend, with a few other added dehydrated veggies, peppers and the like……I wonder if I will eat this stuff as fast as the homemade Jerky, which seems to disapper in a matter of days.

      Reply to this comment
  11. Kim February 13, 15:53

    Could coconut oil be used for the fat ?

    Reply to this comment
    • C. Davis Author February 13, 16:22

      You need pure fat that will solidify after mixing it with the meat powder.

      If you use coconut oil you have to keep the Pemmican in the fridge in order to make sure the oil won’t liquify in the summer.

      Reply to this comment
  12. kevin February 13, 16:29

    im not sure how true this is but I read a story about a bunch of this stuff that had been found that was over 100 years old and still good

    Reply to this comment
  13. KentuckyBoy February 13, 17:10

    Two questions:
    How thin do you slice the beef?

    Do you actually leave it in the oven at 150 degrees for 15 hours? That is a long time.

    Thanks

    Reply to this comment
  14. Mikewind Dale February 13, 18:46

    Would skinless chicken breasts work? Much cheaper than beef.

    And rendered chicken fat (schmaltz) ought to work, no?

    Reply to this comment
    • C. Davis Author February 14, 04:47

      You can use chicken breasts, but it won’t last that long. Chicken fat – no.

      Reply to this comment
      • Mikewind Dale February 15, 05:36

        Why wouldn’t chicken fat work? (I should note that long-term preservation is not my concern. I would need it to last unrefrigerated for only a week or two.)

        Reply to this comment
        • C. Davis Author February 16, 04:12

          My guess is that it will last for two weeks maybe more. But, really, I can’t give advice on that, since I haven’t done it myself and I’ve never heard of someone doing this. Usually there is a reason for this. So when in doubt… don’t do it. This goes for all the foods (regarding food safety).

          Reply to this comment
      • Anne August 23, 18:22

        Could you please tell me why chicken would not last long? I have been eating home made (so dry its brittle) chicken jerky a year after making it. No problem. (I would vacuum and mylar bag the pemmican)

        Reply to this comment
  15. Walli February 13, 20:23

    Folks…you’ll really need to use grass-fed tallow if you want this to be nutritious enough to live on…huge difference between that and regular stuff you get in your local market.

    Reply to this comment
  16. Buffalo Bill February 14, 00:50

    There is chemistry and biology at work here folks…the Grass fed beef is more than just nutrition – corn fed has a lot more sugars in it = quickly rancid. Anyone who compares corn fed or finished beef that has been in the fridge for a week…to wild grass fed the same length will know that sickly smell and discolored fat from store bought. Chicken BAD IDEA…too much bacteria…particularly the chicken fat. Vegetables REALLY BAD IDEA!!! Veggies are the fastest way to get botulism…MANY people get sick and even die from improperly preserved vegetables! The veg that would be in the center surrounded by fat are just what botulism likes….no oxygen…

    Reply to this comment
    • C. Davis Author February 14, 05:35

      True! For the best quality pemmican – use red meat. DO NOT include nuts, seeds, vegetables, grains…

      Reply to this comment
      • Gp February 14, 06:06

        Your recipe says unsalted nuts optional and then you say do not include nuts? Which one is it?

        Reply to this comment
        • C. Davis Author February 14, 13:18

          You are right. As you’ve seen, I didn’t use nuts, but I know some people do. Anyway, reading more about it, I found out that they lower the self life. I corrected the article. Thanks

          Reply to this comment
  17. Mike February 14, 05:25

    Will Steiger used pemmican on at least his first expedition to the North Pole. He said it’s extremely high in calories, and it was the only food that would provide the energy necessary to cross the Arctic.

    Reply to this comment
  18. raiden911 February 14, 14:58

    So, how do you know if it went bad? Does it smell and get furry? Also that ration with the chocolate that the English used, could we get a recipe on that?

    Reply to this comment
    • C. Davis Author February 14, 19:53

      If you do it and store it properly you have no need to worry:

      First (and probably most common) if you put too much fat or if you don’t store it in a dark place (and I would add here to wrap the Pemmican in wax paper and store them in a ziplock bag) it may go rancid. Rancid is not a discreet phenomena – IT STINKS. Rancidity is very common. Most of us at some point ate a little bit of rancid oil. Rancidification can reduce the nutritional value of food but according to wiki it is unlikely to cause immediate illness. Although there are some things that can really go wrong (see link: https://nutritionnutsandbolts.wordpress.com/2012/08/01/rancid-fat/)

      Botulism is much more severe (can cause death) – and it’s not that easy to identify because one type of this bacteria (C) has absolutely no smell and you can’t identify it (unless you have a laboratory). But, botulism (from food – especially canned) is really rare (aprox. 17 cases/year in US).

      Reply to this comment
      • JoetwoPointoh July 15, 19:44

        What constitutes a serving given a person’s size/weight and how many servings per day? Also, this doesn’t say how large each serving is to be cut, “Then cut it into pieces or roll it into a ball” is an extremely vague/incomplete instruction!

        Reply to this comment
  19. bmn February 14, 15:12

    Can i use a dehydrator or electric smoker (i have a Big Chief) without the smoke to dry out the meat? My oven doesnt go down to 150 degrees. I also plan on using a elk roast, and fat rendered from bacon ends and pieces that is sold in grocery stores. Will that fat work?

    Reply to this comment
    • C. Davis Author February 14, 19:57

      yes, you can use the dehydrator or the electric smoker but it’s best to set the oven at 180 (does it goes down to 180?) let it there for 8 hours.

      Reply to this comment
    • C. Davis Author February 14, 19:59

      elk – yes. The fat it’s better to use it from the same (kind of ) animal. And it’s recommendable from a red meat one.

      Reply to this comment
    • Lois May 9, 04:13

      Fat from bacon ends will not solidify unless stored in frig. It gets runny as it gets warmer. So I doubt that would be a good choice. I believe the old timers would boil the fat and dip it off the top or strain the whole pot of liquid and then let it set or refrigerate. Should be easy to scrap the solid fat off the top of the water then. I can’t remember but they may have washed the rendered fat a second time. Should be an Amish recipe online somewhere.

      Reply to this comment
  20. KP February 14, 15:43

    Could you do the same thing by using a bag of fried pork rinds (chicharrones)? I was thinking you could eliminate the fat rendering step if you crush them, add them to the dried meat and berries, and use a small amount of honey as a binder. Can anyone tell me if or why this wouldn’t work?

    Reply to this comment
  21. vegan eater February 15, 15:45

    is there a recipe for eating vegans? when shtf they will be the first to become weak and helpless, im planning on grabbing at least 20, should last about 5 years which will be enough time for normality of sorts to resume, thanks

    Reply to this comment
    • C. Davis Author February 16, 04:24

      I’ve mentioned a vegan recipe in the comment area (7th comment) but it is with honey (it’s the bidding agent) …i don’t know if you eat honey. Anyways, all the recipes that are derivations from the traditional Pemmican have different shelf-life’s. It will last a while, I’m sure, but I can’t possibly know or guarantee in a way or another a shelf-life for those.

      Reply to this comment
    • Nearl February 19, 23:02

      You absolutely win the Internet. Best part is nobody caught the joke. Awesome.

      Reply to this comment
    • omnivore March 6, 05:31

      Good one, vegan eater!

      Reply to this comment
    • Mary February 10, 03:33

      HA HA HA. Good one.

      Reply to this comment
  22. Sanguine February 16, 02:37

    Just a point of clarification, Metis are not “the native people Canada”. Metis originated when, the mostly French Canadian voyageurs, partnered with a First Nations woman producing a half French half First Nations child, called Metis. Other European couplings also produced Metis children.

    Canadian Indigenous persons are called First Nations, Inuit and Metis, which make up 32% of Canadian First Nations.

    As colonialists, it is best to represent history accurately particularly when discussing a nation that was, and still are, subjected to genocidal government initiatives.

    Reply to this comment
  23. Itzhotli Cihuatl February 16, 03:35

    Seriously some of the questions are a bit much. Experiment and find some things out for yourselves. This is a good basic recipe. Now play with it!

    Reply to this comment
  24. Mahikan February 16, 13:17

    Nice article. I am a Cree Metis from Canada and I want to say thanks to Sanguine for clarifying, we are not the Native people of Canada, as pointed out we are 3 distinct groups, First Nations, Metis and Inuit. We also did not need to go to the prairies to get meat from, we often hunted up into the north and used many different types of meat from Caribou to buffalo.

    I have experience with pemmican, we made a lot of it when I was growing up. One thing we did was to ensure we used smoked meat, this goes a long way to help in the length of preservation, so the person who asked about an electric smoker, that is a great thing to use. However, dehydrated meat (however you dehydrate it) will also work just fine.

    I’ve never used beef for pemmican, we always used moose, elk, or deer. But I’m sure beef would be great, I intend to try it at some point. We don’t really buy beef, we hunt in the fall and rarely need to buy it, but this will be a good thing for me to try out.

    Reply to this comment
    • C. Davis Author February 19, 10:28

      Thanks for clarifying this. I modified the article – “the Metis (one of the recognized Aboriginal peoples in Canada)”.

      I believe you that not all families went down-south to hunt, but most (or some) did. I found multiple sources confirming that the Metis hunted down-south and bring the pemmican north to trade: “Converting the buffalo into bags of pemmican the Métis would bring them north to trade at the North West Company posts. Source http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/M%C3%A9tis_buffalo_hunt#Pemmican_trade (this is not the only source)

      Once again: Thanks for clarifying this!

      Reply to this comment
  25. Dan February 16, 15:06

    I live in the desert and it gets *hot* (looking at 80+ degrees today, while people back east are literally snowed in).

    I figure this stuff was probably dehydrated outside back in the day and probably could be done that way again, right? Find a big pot to stick it in (to keep the bugs out) on a hot summer day, put it outside and that should work.

    Reply to this comment
  26. Ray February 16, 22:38

    When I was a kid my Blackfoot grandfather would make this. He added honey and dried cranberries. Also, the venison in our neck of the woods was corn fed, so it was more tender and had a higher fat content than most. Pretty good stuff. I’d think elk would be even better.

    Reply to this comment
  27. Far February 17, 05:30

    can you use coconut oil instead of lard? It will solidify, add flavor in a little bit of sweetness.

    Reply to this comment
  28. Twonster February 19, 16:49

    There are a great many dried fruits available in Wal-Mart – blueberries, cranberries, cherries, pineapple, mango, apricots, and of course, raisins. I’d like to try this with some of these dried fruits, and test it out on a backpacking trip.

    Do you believe that these storebought dried fruits should be dried further? I notice that your recipe calls for frozen blueberries rather than dried, so wonder how well some of these others might work. Has anyone here ever tried these?

    Reply to this comment
  29. Javelina February 19, 21:37

    Can I use dried fish and organic Coconut oil?

    Reply to this comment
  30. stylus February 20, 23:40

    How well would rabbit meat substitute for the ones mentioned?

    Reply to this comment
    • left coast chuck February 10, 05:32

      Rabbit meat does not contain enough nutrition to sustain you as a sole food source. While I look old enough to be a mountain main, I am not, so my advice is second hand, but it is my understanding that some mountain men starved to death trying to sustain on rabbit meat alone during the winter. Same with trout, you can’t eat enough to get the nutrition you need to sustain.

      Reply to this comment
  31. Brooke February 22, 01:03

    Can a dehydrator be used to dry out the meat and fruit?

    Reply to this comment
  32. Lynne February 22, 20:34

    How about grassfed goat meat? It is very lean, especially if it’s not a milk fed kid.

    Reply to this comment
  33. Sarah NightBear March 1, 23:02

    Pemmican Wars were huge while Europe, France, and America were still battling for territorial domination during the fur-trade era (early 1800’s). Pemmican was being made as this author states but mostly from buffalo. An early 1800’s cache was unearthed in Washington State in the resent past near Spokane and when unwrapped it was completely eatable still. Pemmican kept fur traders and families alive on many a journey! It’s lean and so healthy!

    Reply to this comment
    • Dnwrn October 28, 23:28

      Lean? Think about that for a minute. It is made with dried meat and rendered FAT, which is the energy element. Ditch the low fat lie, you need fat in your diet, just not the artificial poison from modern food manufacturers.

      Reply to this comment
  34. jo March 6, 00:17

    purchase button does not work

    Reply to this comment
  35. Aurora March 6, 05:41

    Would clarified butter work for the fat? It is considered to be more nutritious than meat fat. We would also use an organic fat because of the hormones, pesticides, herbicides, etc. found in commercially grown animal products.

    Reply to this comment
  36. Ruffslitch March 16, 04:14

    Venison is lean because the fat grows in an insulative layer along the back of the animal instead laced throughout the muscles as in steers. I read “Red River Story” years ago about the Metis` who mixed it in skin bags and sewed them shut then dug pits and left these 100-lb bags buried in caches for trading parties to collect months later. They made a stew from it called rubaboo.

    Reply to this comment
  37. ATGarcia March 28, 00:37

    I was wondering about the wax paper being in contact with the pemmican for so long. I think wax paper is made from petroleum. Wouldn’t it be better to make your own wax paper out of bees wax? Or cloth covered with bees wax?

    Reply to this comment
  38. star April 27, 22:51

    Too bad coconut melts when it is like 76 degrees as I would think it is the best to use . It doesn’t go ranciad like lard can . Now another thing I have learned about lard back in the old days people would put pork or even beef cuts of meat in a bucket of lard to preserve it and it lasted for months .

    Reply to this comment
  39. kel May 10, 22:30

    This may be a silly question but can you use organic unrefined coconut oil? Could you also chia seeds? Would either of these options shorten shelf life?

    Reply to this comment
  40. Katie May 11, 04:11

    Just thinking maybe kangaroo meat? It is like deer in that there is very little fat in the meat, it forms a layer subcutaneously. Dense and nutritious. Maybe using bush cherries for sweetness.

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  41. TJ May 11, 09:40

    Didn’t ever ever hear about that sounds good reminds me of beef jerky need to make some thanks

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  42. Dan June 14, 21:22

    How about wild hog for the meat and fat?
    can I add oats to this or even flex seeds?

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  43. Joe June 16, 01:03

    I wish I had learned this before now being 1/4 Choctaw Indian from the olders of the Tribe but I did not & now I have a chance to teach my Son & Daughter & all my grandkids this with this site I can learn then show them I always take jerky but I may try this & use it instead Thank You

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  44. Jerdog58 July 18, 20:04

    Can the meat be marinated like beef jerky?

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  45. A Canadian (mixed American Indian and Euro-American ancestry) August 24, 16:17

    Metis : (especially in western Canada) a person of mixed American Indian and Euro-American ancestry, in particular one of a group of such people who in the 19th century constituted the so-called Métis nation in the areas around the Red and Saskatchewan rivers

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  46. Davenna November 25, 21:06

    I can’t believe some of the comments on this post. Pemmican is for when things go super bad and there is nothing else to eat. And long before that point you will no longer be vegans, or vegetarians, and you won’t be worried about what’s in your food source, or if it was “made” with pink salt or normal table salt. You’ll eat a rat, half cooked, on a stick. Or a stray dog, or cat, or squirrel. You won’t be worried about ANYTHING except eating and staying alive.

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  47. eaglenester January 4, 04:10

    Could you use dried seaweed like the Nori sheets for sushi or powdered dulse?

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  48. Capitalistpig January 12, 02:37

    I’m Native American from Montana we have knowledge of this. in our tribe we used deer, Elk & Bison , fat was hard to come by but with a little effort you can get some off deer, Elk and Bison. We did not have blueberries but we did use choke cherries and bull berries & wild rose berries.with prairie potatoes for starch and carbs, Farther east used wild rice. Honey was also used. I have also heard of using many different kinds of dried edible flower petals.

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  49. Ropesi January 26, 23:42

    Quantas calorias tem conforme as quantidades da receita que mostrou?

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  50. Mary February 10, 03:41

    Thank goodness our ancesters didn’t know about low fat, vegan or gluten free diets or we wouldn’t be here. Sometimes more knowledge isn’t a good thing. I can see maybe 2 of you surviving a nuclear winter. Maybe.

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  51. Miguel February 12, 23:07

    Can you use true can lard from the local grocery made by Armour? Thank you.

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  52. Halfdan March 23, 14:10

    Is it possible to season the pemmican, dried ofcause. Or would it change the shelf life too much?

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  53. farmgranny April 4, 13:12

    Thank you for such a great article! We are all here because our ancestors Survivors! This is a great starter recipe. May I clarify that smoking was a way of disinfecting food for centuries. You can naturally pasteurize meat by freezing at or below 0° for at least 2weeks. Remove the meat and I grind into burger. Brown well. Rinse off impurities. Spread out and dry to rock stage, grind to powder. I use chokecherry, rose hips, Sarvis berry.and Elderberries for the high vitamin c an immune boosting properties. Honey or stevia can be added. Ground beans and legumes may be added if meat not desired, rendered fat done properly is clean and naturally pasteurized during the process tense primarily called schmaltz. Salt- I use REAL SALT from Utah as it contains all the essential minerals we need and you use less. Pepper, garlic and onion will help too. Adjust to your taste. Before adding the fat, pasteurize your powder in a canning jar in the oven at 225° for 30 min let cool. Add fat and I press into cookie sheet when cooled I wrap in parchment paper and store in cool dark place…I still use grandpa’s old dinamite box he used. This recipe has been handed down for MANY Countless generations. I converted Granny’s wellness broth to a complete powder that makes a quart jar of bouillon that is a complete survival broth/bouillon with everything a human requires, good survival bread and you are set for ageless easy carry food. Thank you again for taking the time and effort to share your knowledge to help folks. The replies are most entertaining but folks, use your common sense, do your own further research for your personal needs. As grandad used to say “I can explain it to you but I cant UNDERSTAND it for you! Just a note that the recipe I still use is very old and was ingredients foraged from nature you can obtain dried versions from reputable companies online.be kind and appreciative to others…life will go smoother😳

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  54. dixie dugan May 16, 02:13

    Thank you C. Davis and Farmgranny, I appreciated your great artical and great comments! I have read about Pemmican before and have wanted to give it a try. I have a grass-fed beef in my freezer, but we had the butcher add fat back into our steer’s meat. Could I still use the ground meat for Pemmican and just rinse it really well after browning the meat. We never gave him grain to fatten him on. Thank you again!

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