7 Backyard Plants That Can Kill You

KJ Barber
By KJ Barber June 4, 2019 10:26

7 Backyard Plants That Can Kill You

Colorful landscaping in our yards can be rather stunning, both natural and intentionally planted. From the bright blooms, to the healthy green sprawling throughout our surroundings, sometimes the view can’t be beat.

However, don’t let the beauty fool you. Turning the backyard into your personal botanical garden carries potential for significant risk. The levels of toxicity in some plants can be life-threatening to pets and humans alike.

So, before venturing out for a stroll in the fields, or making plans for landscaping your yard, you should be aware of the dangerous plants that could harm or kill pets and humans. Or, maybe some of these plants already exist in your surroundings.


Oleander has established its way into many residential gardens, due to the appearance. It is most commonly found tropical and subtropical areas, around streams, rivers, and valleys.7 Backyard Plants That Can Kill You oleanderIn the US, it’s normally found in the southern region.

It typically occurs around stream beds in river valleys, where it can alternatively tolerate long seasons of drought and inundation from winter rains. Nerium oleander is planted in many subtropical and tropical areas of the world. On the East Coast of the US, it grows as far north as Virginia Beach, Virginia, while in California and Texas miles of oleander shrubs are planted on median strips.[

Despite its appeal of colorful and fragrant blossoms, the entire plant contains a deadly substance, which can lead to vomiting, drowsiness, seizures, and slow down the heart.

Treatments might include activated charcoal or a tube inserted in the stomach to flush the system, as well as oxygen and medicines to treat the symptoms.


The Daffodil is bright and colorful flowering plant. And, it’s found in most regions within the US, except in areas that rarely see a frost. The bulbs thrive best with cold hibernation periods.7 Backyard Plants That Can Kill You DaffodilAs beautiful as they can be, it’s a poisonous plant, especially the bulb. Symptoms of daffodil poisoning include stomach pain, drooling, vomiting, heart irregularities, tremors, and convulsions. Simply having a bouquet indoors can trigger headaches.

Unless the symptoms are severe, they will often go away with a flushing of water or milk.

Water Hemlock

The water hemlock plant is another deceptive and innocent looking plant. Its dainty appearance, with small and frail-like white buds and a distinct umbrella-like shape, will have you believing it’s harmless.7 Backyard Plants That Can Kill You water hemlockWater Hemlock is commonly found in North America and Europe within pastures, and wet soils such as water edges and irrigation canals.It’s perhaps one of the most toxic plants.

It contains a brownish liquid called cicutoxin and can be deadly. It’s found primarily in the root, but also within the entire plant. This toxin will attack your central nervous system, and has been known to trigger convulsions.

If ingestion is caught early, activated charcoal would be the initial treatment. However, there isn’t any specific antidote, just treatment to help control seizures. This might include benzodiazepines, or a barbiturate to help manage seizures.

Related: How To Tell The Difference Between The Healing “Queen Anne’s Lace” And Deadly “Hemlock”


Hellebores are widely grown in gardens in the US zones 5a to 8b, for their decorative traits. It’s a stout plant with some varieties reaching up to 7ft tall when fully grown and blooming. Many gardeners like hellebore because their flowers bloom during the winter and early spring, and are resistant to frost.7 Backyard Plants That Can Kill You helleboreWhile cases of poisoning from a hellebore plant are rare, it’s most likely due to gardeners handling them with care. The entire plant, from roots to tip of the leaves, is poisonous to both human and animals. The seeds of the plant contain cevadine and veratridine, and considered to be toxic.

Symptoms of poisoning from the hellebore plant include vomiting, paralysis, loss of eyesight, or a catharsis effect, which could lead to death. Seek medical attention immediately if you have any of these symptoms after encountering any part of the plant.

Poison Ivy

The name even says it’s poisonous. It’s a nuisance to many, but dangerous to some.7 Backyard Plants That Can Kill You poison ivyIt can cause symptoms ranging from a mild rash, to dangerous swelling in the eyes, mouth, and airway for people who are allergic to it and breathe in toxic smoke when someone is burning it.

Predominantly found in North America, it’s not a plant that people plant and grow intentionally. It’s like the obnoxious cousin that makes surprise and unwanted visits.

If you have been exposed to the plant, you might be able to avoid a rash or outbreak by washing up with soap and cold water. Never use hot water though, which will open the pores and allow the oils to penetrate further. If a rash occurs, a diphenhydramine or calamine lotion will help mitigate mild symptoms. In a severe reaction, seek medical attention because further treatment such as corticosteroids might be necessary.

Related: How To Identify Poison Ivy Growing In Your Backyard

Lily of the Valley

Originating in the Northern Hemisphere of Asia and Europe, it’s a hardy plant which allows it to flourish in zones 2-9.7 Backyard Plants That Can Kill You lily of the valleyIt has a delicate and sweet appearance with dainty bell-shaped petals, but it’s deceiving. If any part of the plant is ingested, it can bring on flu like symptoms such as diarrhea, vomiting, and fatigue. In severe cases, it is known to bring on mental confusion and an irregular heartbeat.

Treatments might include flushing the system through activated charcoal or laxatives.


Also known as “deadly nightshade”, belladonna is native to North Africa, Europe, and Western Asia. It has since been distributed to Great Britain, parts of the Ukraine, Iran, and North America.7 Backyard Plants That Can Kill You belladonnaIt tends to grow on the edge of forests, river banks, and roads.

The attractive berries and foliage contain tropane alkaloids making them extremely toxic and deadly when ingested. It is perhaps one of the deadliest plants that a person can have in their backyard. Symptoms appear within 20 minutes and include breathing difficulty, swelling, rash, nausea, vomiting, blue lips, disorientation, and convulsions.

If digested, induce vomiting and seek medical treatment immediately.

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KJ Barber
By KJ Barber June 4, 2019 10:26
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  1. liz June 4, 15:21

    Use witch hazel to remove some of the poison ivy oils.

    Reply to this comment
  2. David June 4, 15:55

    Poison Ivy can be managed by drinking tomato juice and eating garlic. I have been to the doctor as many as 5 times in one year for steroid shots to alleviate symptoms. The tomato juice and garlic cure it every time easily.
    Just thought this might help someone. It saved me.

    Reply to this comment
    • IvyMike June 5, 00:26

      How much tomato juice and how much garlic? Serious question, although it sounds like you could cure it with a couple plates of spaghetti or a diet of Bloody Marys and shrimp scampi.
      I got my current case of poison ivy repairing the irrigation system in a flower bed that had been full of poison ivy that was dug out a few days before. I was very careful but there was enough oil in the soil to get me on one hand.

      Reply to this comment
      • Rico Suave June 5, 11:57

        The day you think you are exposed to poison ivy, it is best to wash in Dawn dish soap from head to toe. Keep using it until you are sure the oils are gone…usually 3 days to be sure. If you see signs of a rash continue it’s use until the rash is gone. The rash will be very minimal if you use Dawn first and continue to use it. Cuts the oils. Pair with the tomato / garlic treatment if you like or any other, but the Dawn will remove the oils very well. Can be started as soon as you see signs of poison ivy as well and will reduce the severity.

        Reply to this comment
  3. Grizz June 4, 16:11

    Your distribution maps need serious revisions, all the plants your wrote about can be found in most Canadian Provinces and probably in most states near the 49 line.

    Reply to this comment
  4. Jim June 4, 17:14

    We have an oleander thriving next to our home in Las Cruces, New Mexico. Red and white blooms at present. Not shown on map.

    Reply to this comment
    • Sea June 16, 19:22

      Good info but a bit vague. Example: Oleander- Is it harmful by mere contact, by ingestion or simply breathing in any airborne particles from the plant such as pollen?

      Reply to this comment
  5. Tom June 4, 17:55

    What are the risks of these plants to pets?

    Reply to this comment
    • The Ohio Prepper June 5, 02:30


      What are the risks of these plants to pets?

      It depends on the pet. We’ve had dogs and cats, horses, goats, chickens, and rabbits over the years, and while some might be considered livestock, the wife treats them all as pets. LOL
      Keep in mind that some of my favorite foods / condiments in the Allium family (Onion, Garlic, Leeks) can kill dogs & cats, so it’s best to see what’s around your area and look them up for toxicity for your particular animals.

      Reply to this comment
  6. tom June 4, 17:56

    Lily of the valley grows very nicely in NE Ohio.

    Reply to this comment
  7. Ben June 4, 21:57

    Thanks for tomato-juice/garlic cure. This is not an ad, but Poison Ivy rashes I got practically laughed at calamine lotion. A product called “Ivy Dry” put the kibosh on the rash.

    Reply to this comment
    • Roberto June 5, 16:09

      As a child, 65 years ago, I was constantly bringing home poison ivy. Ivy Dry brings back a lot of memories. It was a sure-fire treatment to stop the itching and remove the rash.

      Reply to this comment
  8. MikeyW June 4, 22:17

    If belladonna is “digested” inducing vomiting won’t make a difference. Perhaps you meant “ingested.”

    The article title is a bit misleading. None of these plants will “kill” you unless you eat them or have a severe allergy to them. I don’t think any normal person would try to eat any of them.

    Reply to this comment
    • cj June 13, 16:42

      the hemlocks, poison hemlock and water hemlock are sometimes mistaken for cow parsnip and causing poisoning. Also you can absorb the toxins thru the skin if you pull them out barehanded.

      Reply to this comment
      • MrsH June 21, 11:18

        Here in Florida, Water Hemlock grows near and sometimes even among the Elderberries. I always warn people to make sure that they know the difference if they want to forage.

        Reply to this comment
  9. Miss Kitty June 4, 23:12

    For old movie buffs, oleander was used by the husband (Vincent Price) to poison his second wife (Gene Tierney) (and probably his first wife ) in the movie “Dragonwyck”, based on the book by Anya Seton. It was set in New York’s Hudson River valley, but it may have been grown in the estate’s greenhouse.

    Reply to this comment
  10. The Ohio Prepper June 5, 03:06

    We have many of these and others on our rural property.

    Colorful landscaping in our yards can be rather stunning, both natural and intentionally planted. From the bright blooms, to the healthy green sprawling throughout our surroundings, sometimes the view can’t be beat.

    While there are a few plants the wife likes for their color or aroma, if it doesn’t feed the bees or I can’t eat it, then it only grows here on its own, living or dieing as nature allows.

    When you list Water Hemlock
    This is the plant Plato described as being used to kill Socrates under Athenian law.
    It has a useful edible look alike, Queen Anne’s lace (wild carrot); but, one must know the difference between these two family members.
    Poison hemlock (Conium maculatum) and Queen Anne’s lace (Daucus carota) are both in the Apiaceae family.
    Both have hollow stems, but poison hemlock’s stem is hairless and has purple blotches, while the stem of Queen Anne’s lace doesn’t have purple blotches and is hairy.
    Poison Ivy
    We have this everywhere, normally climbing our trees; but, I am generally not allergic to its oils; however, do wash my hands thoroughly after handling it.
    We normally cut a chunk of it out at ground level, and pour salt on the root section. A week later you can pull the dead root out of the ground and peel the rest of it off the tree.
    This plant and others like it were used for the first chemical warfare, going back centuries. If you build a fire upwind of your ”Enemy” and place these plants onto the coals, the smoke produced by the smoldering pile is inhaled by people, causing horrible irritation in the lungs.
    The downside is when you get it going good and the wind shifts direction.

    Reply to this comment
    • cj June 13, 16:48

      water hemlock and poison hemlock are not the same, Socrates was killed with poison hemlock which slowly paralyses the body from the lower extremities upward. That’s why he was able to describe it. You’re too busy purging and convulsing with water hemlock. Death occurs when the paralysis reaches the respiratory tract and the victim suffocates.

      Reply to this comment
  11. Clergylady June 5, 05:02

    Sunday I saw oliander for sale at a Wal-Mart here in NM. For many decades it used to divide most 2 or 4 lane roads in South central Californiia. ie hwy 99 in San Juaquin Valley. We heard it was poisioneious but it was there all the time anyway.
    Last time I had a problem with poison ivy was my early teens. Still memorable.

    Reply to this comment
    • left coast chuck June 6, 00:03

      Oleander is still growing along many freeways and highways in SoCal. It grows thick enough to slow down a car crossing the unimproved center divider. It can thrive on the scant rainfall in SoCal and it is pretty to look at. Plus it is cheap to buy.

      Reply to this comment
  12. Heartless June 7, 00:38

    Nice article. However, in Florida, you missed the most deadly one that grows abundantly in suburban and wild areas. Rosary Peas. Easy to spot the ‘berries’/seeds. Bright red with a black cap on one end. Absolutely the deadliest of all.

    Reply to this comment
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